Application -or- Program- Software designed to carry out a set of electric instructions.
Backup- A copy of the data that is stored in case the original copy is lost or damaged.
Bios- A set of programs stored in ROM to control the system. Screen, monitor, disks, etc.
CD-ROM- A disk that uses the same principle as audio CD’s but stores computer data instead.
Clipboard- Temporary storage area where cut or copied data is stored.
Close button- A box in the title bar of
a document or application that you click to close the file or
Command - An instruction given to a computer to carry out an action.
CPU- Central Processing Unit. The computer’s microprocessor.
Data- The information or facts that the computer stores and processes.
Dialog box- A box that appears on your screen that allows you to interact with the computer
Cursor - A symbol that shows on the screen where the next keyboard or mouse action will be displayed.
Desktop- The screen background and graphic area presented on your Windows startup.
Desktop Publishing- The use of a personal
computer as a production system for creating high-quility text
Default- The settings that are applied automatically by the system or application unless you change them.
Driver- A set of commands used to run a peripheral device, such as a monitor, printer, CD, or the like.
File- A collection of data stored on a disk under a single file name.
FTP- File Transfer Protocol. Allows a user on any computer to get files or send files to another computer.
Function Keys- A set of keys on top of
the keyboard, usually labeled F1-F12, to provide quick access to
GUI- Graphical User Interface.
Highlight- A reverse video appearance on
the video screen. This allows you to select a portion of
HTML- HyperText Markup Language. Format which information is sent from a web server to a browser.
HTTP- HyperText Transfer Protocol used to retrieve Web Pages from the server.
Hyperlink - A link to allow you to jump someplace else quickly. (underlined)
Icon- A small graphic image on the screen that represents a function or action.
ISP- Internet Service Provider. A commercial service that provides access to the Internet.
Insertion Point- A marker that represents
the position on the screen where the next key strokes will
LAN- Local Area Network. A group of computers connected together in order to share resources and
Macro- A shortcut method of carrying out a series of commands or keystrokes.
Maximize Window- The process of expanding a window to cover the entire screen.
Menu- A list of options displayed on-screen
from which you can select a particular function or command.
There are several kinds regular, drop down, shortcut, etc.
Minimize Window- The process of making a window in its smallest size.
Motherboard- The computer’s main circuit board where the CPU is located.
Mouse- A hand-held device that allows you to move a pointer on the computer’s screen.
Movement Keys- Keys on the keyboard that
control movement of the cursor. They include the arrow
keys, Page up, Page Down, Home, End.
Multi-tasking- A process that allows a
computer to perform multiple tasks or applications at the same
Pathname- An “address” which tells the computer where to locate a particular program or file.
Pixels- The dots used to make an image on a monitor.
Point- To move the mouse until the tip of the mouse pointer rests on a particular icon, character, or item.
Port- A connection on the computer for attaching a device, such as a printer, scanner, modem.
RAM- Random Access Memory – The working space for a program and its data.
ROM- Read Only Memory. The computer memory which controls the computer.
Scanner- A device that changes a picture or text to a digitized form.
Scrolling- A technique for shifting the display to view a different portion of a document.
Start Button- The command button at the extreme bottom left of your screen.
URL- Uniform Resource Locator. An address on the World Wide Web.
User ID- When logging onto a computer system, the name that the computer recognizes as the user.
Web Browser- A program (software) that communicates with a web server to view a web page.
Web Server- A program (software) that communicates with a web browser.
WYSIWYG- What You See Is What You Get.
The concept of having the screen image exactly duplicate